Smoking and Fertility: What should you know?

Smoking and Fertility: What should you know?

You are possibly aware that smoking is bad for your health. But do you know it is also bad for your fertility? If you are trying to conceive, smoking may reduce your chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby. If you are smoker looking to get pregnant, here is what you should know about smoking and fertility.

Causes fertility problems

According to research, men who smoke cigarettes are at high risk of having male fertility problems which include the following;

  • Hormonal issues
  • Sperm motility difficulties: motility is the ability of sperm to swim towards and enter the egg
  • Lower sperm count
  • Erectile dysfunction: Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection

If you are trying to get pregnant without success and your spouse smokes, it is time to ask him to stop. It might help you to get pregnant.

Leads to Infertility

When smoking thousands of chemicals spread all over your whole body and all of your organs and this may result in having difficulty in becoming pregnant or impregnating someone. The many years you smoke, the high the chances of infertility you have.

Increases chances of miscarriage

Women who smoke are at a greater danger of having a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. It also poses health risks such as preterm labor. The more you smoke, the more you increase your chances of having a miscarriage and the more you put your baby’s health at risk.

Early menopause

A child is a precious gift, and it can be devastating to reach menopause earlier without having even one. It has been discovered that women who smoke reach menopause two years earlier than non-smokers. Additionally, women who are exposed to second-hand smoke reach menopause a year earlier. This is because even if you do not smoke, you are exposed poisonous chemicals just like the one who smokes. It doesn’t matter how long you get exposed, just a few days and you will affect your fertility.

Interferes with reproduction process

Smoking affects each phase of the procreative process including hormone production, egg and sperm maturation, embryo transport, and the uterus’ environment. It can as well damage the DNA in both sperm and eggs.

Causes birth complications

It is not every day a woman gives birth to a healthy child. Sometimes it happens naturally while at times it is because of the bad lifestyle choices that you and your partner make. Smoking while pregnant or being exposed to smoke increases the risk of pregnancy problems such as congenital disabilities and low birth weight. To ensure you have a healthy baby, avoid smoke.

Other fertility problems it may cause include:

  • Ovulation problems
  • Genetic issues
  • Harms your reproductive organs
  • Damages your eggs
  • Increased risk of cancer which is a leading cause of death


It is not easy to quit smoking, but the best way to do it is to do it with your partner. A study reveals that women who stopped smoking before conceiving or in the first three months of pregnancy lowered the possibility of their baby being born prematurely.

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